Everett DNA Project Results

 

With data from our 55 DNA profiles we have been able to gain some new insights into our families' histories and origins. The Project has also created a new network of Everett family researchers from around the world who have begun to share data and resources with one another. Here is a summary of what we have learned.

What We Have Learned So Far

1. We have made many new international friends who have become volunteers for the Project. Their interest in participating has given us links to DNA profiles from our surnames' possible origins in England and France. It has also helped us begin to sort out potential differences in the origins of the surnames in England, and possibly other locations in Europe.

2. Genetically, among our 55 profiles, we have distinct DNA profiles that represent at least three genetically different family origins. This means that the various Everett family lines did not evolve from one "common ancestor", at least not within the past several thousand years of recorded history, and probably not even back into the primitive origins of human groups 50,000 years ago.

3. As we gain more volunteers from around the country and internationally we will be able to see additional patterns with similar DNA profiles and be able to draw more accurate conclusions. Even now we can begin to see distinct patterns that differentiate some US family lines and identify other potential early connections that had not appeared on paper. One of the exciting developments, due to our international volunteers, is that this data will help us narrow the areas of research to specific geographical locations that might hold the origins of our families in the UK.

4. The stories regarding the earliest arrivals of Everetts to the US are often colorful and imaginative. While we might like to believe that the earliest Everetts to arrive were brothers, or related in some way, the DNA data suggests that there was not a common family of brothers who arrived in this country nearly 400 years ago. Nor does it appear that there was a common family in the UK from whom all of the U.S. Everetts descended.

 

Understanding the Results

 

The DNA Profile Chart on another page is used to link similar DNA profiles among our volunteers. Each volunteer has given permission to use his name and has identified his earliest recorded ancestor. These appear in the column to the right. The profiles on this chart are based on 12 genetic markers. Several volunteers have completed 25 markers in order to further discriminate their profile from another closely linked one. The numbers that appear in each row are the numerical equivalent of the presence of DNA at a certain location on the Y Chromosome. In reading the Chart, the more similarities that are present among the 12 markers the closer the family ties between the individuals. The closest matches are grouped in Clusters for ease in review and analysis. The match between each profile is identified in parentheses in the row below.

Take a look at the Profiles Chart. Start with Cluster 5 and you will see my profile and that of Vernon Everett's - we match 11 out of the 12 markers. From our own independent years of research we believed that we were probably related to the same progenitor, Nathaniel Everett, from eastern North Carolina. This 11/12 DNA match confirms that. The one marker difference is at DYS #19 (called an allele) which represents a mutation that could have occurred at anytime from as recently as a couple of generations ago to as long as 500 generations ago. From what we know of this family line's history, we can say that it probably occurred in one of our respective family lines since 1700. If we were to test someone descended from each of this Nathaniel's grandsons (he had only one son, Nathaniel Everett 2) and compare their profiles, we could identify in which descent line the mutation occurred.

Look at Cluster 1B and you will see that Robert J. Evered and Peter A. Evered match in all 12 of the markers. They had assumed from their research that they were distant cousins - the tests confirms that. Within that same cluster you will see that John Everett, who traces his earliest ancestor to Richard Everit of Jamaica, New York in the 1600s, and John Charles Evered from England both match 9 of the 12 markers with Robert and Peter Evered's profiles. Similarly, Richard Everett matches 9/12 with John's profile and 8/12 with Robert's and Peter's profiles. This may mean that the U.S. family lines for John's and Richard's most recent common ancestor may have been part of this Evered line in England. However, the match of only 8 and 9 of 12 markers would mean that this would have occurred many, many centuries ago.

You can review the other clusters and see how the other profiles are beginning to identify specific lines. By looking in the last column of identified ancestor you can tell if any volunteers are from your family line or from a geographical location nearby.


What These Results May Mean In the Identification
of Our Surname Origins

Everett researchers in the U.S. have typically hypothesized that the earliest origins of the surnames came originally from England (See our article, The Origins of the Surname, Volume 12 #2, August, 2001of the Everett Generations Newsletter). However, we have a DNA volunteer (Everard) who traces his family line to France. There is also a group of Everetts in western Pennsylvania, with whom we have had contact, who have identified their origins in Germany. We published an article in the Newsletter by George William Everett (Volume 12 #2, August, 2001) regarding his research to identify Everett origins in Scotland.

The DNA data has created new enthusiasm to pursue formerly stuck research projects, as well as to conduct more research into the surname origins. At present we have several of these projects underway with participants from around the world.